Located east of the Equator in the Pacific Ocean, the Galapagos Islands are an archipelago of 127 islands, islets and rocks of volcanic origin, of which 19 islands are large and 4 islands are inhabited. Galapagos, famous for the large number of endangered animal species, is a UNESCO heritage site since 1978.
Today, the Galapagos Islands are a popular tourist destination not only among scientists, but also among simple hikers worldwide, although access to the Galapagos Islands is quite strict, in an effort to conserve as best is possible the natural environment.
The variety of wildlife is the main attraction in the Galapagos Islands - giant tortoises, marine iguanas, penguins, sea lions, various species of birds.
Galapagos offers an unprecedented opportunity to sit next to some very rare animals.
The main way to see an overview of the Galapagos Islands are cruises that usually follows a strict itinerary that includes climbing the hill of Bartolome Island, a special place that offers a dream image of the region. On this island live penguins of Galapagos and green sea turtles.
Santa Cruz is a place with abundant flora and specific lava tunnels. Here are widespread Galapagos tortoises and land iguanas.
In the north, at San Cristobal or El Junco, tourists have the opportunity to admire the birds with red bag, called frigate birds (frigate magnificens), but also sea lions, giant tortoises, blue-footed boobies and red-footed boobies, tropicbirds, marine iguanas or dolphins.
In regions of Isabela or Florena can be observed Galapagos penguins, hundreds of specimens in one place. But also, flamingo, green sea turtles, pelicans and marine iguanas.
Although it is located on the equator, the archipelago is in Humboldt current path that brings cold water in the islands. Weather is influenced by the El Nino phenomenon periodically. But diving with giant turtles or sea lions does not compare to anything else.