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Travel Europe Estonia The new European Cultural Capital in 2011 - Tallinn

The new European Cultural Capital in 2011 - Tallinn

Tallinn, Estonia, City view on winter

European Cultural Capital in 2010 was Pecs and in 2011 this honor was obtained to Tallinn. Like the inhabitants of the Hungarian city, the people of Tallinn are proud of their culture of Estonia. The heritage is dear to them and they are curious about developments elsewhere. Here the Capital of Culture has found a good harbor for the year 2011. The location of the current Tallinn found their settlement by the Danes in the eleventh century to the Gulf of Finland Domberg. From the 12th to the 15th century was an important hanseatic city because of its strategic location.
Since the sixth century, Estonia was under the influence of Swedish Vikings. Their example made subsequent Estonia also focused on shipping and piracy. After a brief Russian rule began in the 13th century, the Christianization by Sword Knights took place (in1237 which merged into the Teutonic Order). In 1219 the Danish King Waldemar II defeated the Estonians and founded the city of Reval, now Tallinn.

In 1346 Estonia was completely sold to the Teutonic Order. This was a spiritual order of knights, in 1190 emerged from a German hospital foundation Acre in Palestine. In 1198 it was converted into a knighthood to fight infidels. In Europe it acquired extensive possessions, including Estonia.
The Order had reached its greatest flowering in the fourteenth century. Then it came by its own trade (exports of grain, wood and amber) was discussed at odds with big cities. The union of Lithuania with Poland (1386) was also a loosing of mission duties. After the secularization of Germany in the 16th century, the Order still exist, but without any meaning. In 1561, Swedish Tallinn it fell into the hands of the Russians, but shortly after in 1582 it was re-Swedish.

In 1710 the Russian Tsar Peter the Great won the city during the second Norwegian War. Unlike the Swedes who protected the peasants against their German gentlemen the Russian Tsar in the contrary confirmed the privileges of the German nobility. He also placed Tallinn into a fortress and settled the base of its fleet.
In the 18th century reached its lowest position of the farmers. They could even be auctioned. Despite all that they do not lose their self-awareness. The 19th century saw a quite powerful even chauvinism. This focused during the revolutionary troubles of 1905, especially against the German landowners. From 1919-1939 Tallinn was the capital of an independent Estonia.
Since the fall of the Soviet empire is now focused Estonia as an independent state of their own future. The recognition of Tallinn as European Cultural Capital 2011 is taking a huge boost.
Cultural program
The cultural program of Tallinn 2011 European Culture Capital includes no less than 251 different presentations. This includes small performances every month and a larger festival. There are high expectations from the Tallinn International Jazz Festival in April.

Also on the program are:
• June: Tallinn Old Town Days
• July: The Youth Song and Dance Celebration and the Tallinn Maritime Days
• August: The Birgitta Festival for opera music in August
• November: The Black Nights Film Festival in November

Long term projects
As presented in Pecs, in Tallinn, the Capital of Culture effect beyond one year on. Tallinn focuses on these programs and youth volunteers. The goal is to make people more aware of their surroundings. As in Pecs the residents of Tallinn rediscover their own culture.