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Timisoara - holiday in Romanian Vienna

Timisoara, Romania, Union Square

Former fortress of Timisoara is now the third largest city in Romania and one of the most beautiful places of Romania. Those who visit the city on the banks of the Bega promise to return to the city and the city have earned the reputation of "Romanian Vienna".

The current county of Timis county residence, is a city of more than 730 years old, an old fortified city with walls, bastions, 'ditch water "and waves of land, which in 1212 named Castrum Temesiense. It was located at the crossroads of trade routes and military roads, so that became a key objective of the dispute between Turks and Austrians, as then, the bourgeoisie and aristocracy Hungarian desired.

Once in the city are few places that would be good to see. Among them are Union Square, the Baroque Palace, Monument of the Holy Trinity, Victoria Square, National Theatre, etc.

Union Square - this place is located in downtown is a place representative of Timisoara, becoming an emblem for the city. It is the oldest market town, built in Baroque style and houses several monuments full of history: the Duomo and the Roman Catholic Episcopal Cathedral, Baroque Palace, Serbian Orthodox Diocese, the Cathedral of the Orthodox Serb Bishopric, N. Lenau Theoretical High School, 'Holy Trinity Monument ',' mineral water fountain 'and other buildings dating from the eighteenth century - the nineteenth century. If you walk through the square, you'll find right of pharmacy near Baroque Palace, including tiles that form a paving stone inscribed with the market plan of the former City of Timisoara in the nineteenth century.

Baroque Palace is located in the center of Timisoara, in Union Square and is approximately300 years old. It was the official residence time of the Committee of Timis, the governor of the Banat and Vojvodina and Timisan Prefecture. But 1984 is hosting the Art Museum location.

Holy Trinity Monument is located in the center of Union Square, in memory of the victims of the plague epidemic of 1738-1739. It was built in Baroque style, with statues of saints enriched pedestal at the bottom and bas-reliefs representing scenes during the plague epidemic.

Serbian Orthodox Diocese is located in Union Square, near the Serbian Episcopal Cathedral, built in 1745 in baroque period, with a facade that has been transformed with architectural elements Serbian in 1900.

Dome aka Roman Catholic Episcopal Cathedral building was built in the 1740s and is today considered the most valuable piece of Baroque architecture in Timisoara. The main altar, semicircular, made of marble, is dedicated to the Holy Trinity and is based on gilded statues of saints and angels. Inner altars are Gothic, baroque decorations with rococo elements created in Vienna and clocks and were produced in workshops organized in Timisoara.

Liberty Square and Old City Hall. In this market, which is one of the oldest of the old town hall is located, and several monuments: that of St. John Nepomuk, a bust of Decebal and Countof Soro's Palace (or the House Military Commander). The market was built in the 1730s by an Italian architect plans and was rebuilt in 1850 and 1935. Hall style building façade ornamentation combines Baroque and Renaissance elements.

Dicasterial Palace is a building built in Renaissance style, is a copy of the Strozzi Palace in Florence. It is the largest building in town, with three courtyards, 273 rooms and 365windows. Its name comes from the Greek "dikasterion" which in ancient times called it "the lawyer’s court." Now houses the County Court, Court of Timisoara and flooring.

Metropolitan Orthodox Cathedral is also one of the city's landmark buildings on the banks of Bega. It was built in 1930 in a style that harmoniously combines elements of Byzantine architecture and old Romanian Moldavian architecture with interior floor carpet model Banat. It has 11 towers, 83 meters tall, as a form of cross-seven bells made from a rare material, brought from the islands of Sumatra and Borneo. These bells were given by the composer Sabin Dragoi and are electrically operated. The cathedral was consecrated in 1946 in the presence of its founder, King Michael I of Romania and is dedicated to Three Hierarchs and St. Joseph by the parties. The basement houses the art collection of the Cathedral Church of the Archdiocese old Timisoara.

Synagogue of the Citadel. This building dates from the 1860s, when it was built in Moorish style, by architect Ignatz Schumann. The church is in the form of a Greek cross, and the hemispherical dome shaped exterior has few decorations enameled ceramics.

National Theatre Opera and another building is emblematic of the city that bears traces of history: theatrical performances were held here - Pascaly band, which includes Mihai Eminescu, concerts of great time - Franz Liszt and Johann Strauss the son. It was built in Renaissance style, which is kept today. The building hosts four major cultural institutions, the Romanian Opera, National Theatre, German State Theatre and the Hungarian State Theatre, Timisoara is the only European city where there are three 'state theaters' in different languages.

The bastion was built in 1720 and is the largest city from Romania in Vauban style. He had nine bastions and defense have an important role. But at the beginning of the twentieth century it was decided to demolish them. Today there are only a few parts of the fortifications of the former fortress of Timisoara.

Lupa Capitolina. This bronze statue is located in Victoria Square in the middle of a carpet of flowers and a gift was received from officials in the Italian capital, Rome, 1926. It is a copy of bronze Capitoline wolf of the fifth century BC, the symbol of Rome and Latinity.

Hunyadi Castle is 300 years old, being built by Italian craftsmen to serve as the residence of King Carol Robert of Anjou. Castle name comes from the name of John Hunyadi, was Count of Timis. In 1849, the building was destroyed to the ground and had to be completely rebuilt, its present form dating from 1856. From 1946 houses the Museum of Banat, history and natural science departments.

Dejan Palace was built in 1700 and rebuilt in 1800, was initially owned by a family of French origin. The rear of the palace was built later as an inn, stables for horses is the ground floor and upstairs rooms. This part of the building housed a bazaar for a while, and then while he built a floor where a casino opened. The architectural style was changed; the building became a representative of the neoclassical style.

Victoria Square is an emblem of the city is known mostly by name or Opera Square Revolution Square. It is located downtown, is lined by old buildings, which bears the imprint of Timisoara secession architecture at the beginning of the twentieth century. It is framed by buildings, the emblem of the city: the Metropolitan Cathedral built in Byzantine style Moldavian towers covered with glazed tiles in the south of the market, building a theater and opera, in the south, otherwise the old buildings, which are now home offices, shops, restaurants and bars, and homes for Timisoara. In the center is a green area with flowers, alleys with benches and fountains, people can come here to feed flocks of pigeons. In the pedestrian area during events taking place - winter exhibition, fair Martis, concerts and other cultural and artistic events, and those who pass through here have proof that the 1989Romanian revolution started in this location.
Starting from this market can easily get to Castle Hunyadi, Bega canal and other attractions.

If you have arrived in Timisoara, would be wise to be prepared for a trip into history, which you can visit especially walking. Most tourist attractions are downtown, but do not avoid any of the old city, where still retains the old architecture similar to Vienna so Timisoara earned the name 'Vienna of Romania'. If you are tempted museums when you get to old buildings, museums seek to enter and you are home. But if all you are here, you should see a page of history: the Revolution Memorial, a house located at Emmanuel Ungureanu No. 8, which holds documents, photographs and stories told by the revolutionaries of the 1989 revolution.

You will find here all the conditions to make walking time: the sights and parks in the city you will create a state of relaxation. If you like to walk by boat, you can choose a boat ride on the Bega and a meal at the restaurant-boat on the river banks. And romantics will have the opportunity to walk with your loved one on the bridge: you'll find here one who is said to have been built by Gustave Eiffel, Metal Bridge. In addition, if you like to ride a bike you can do here, because many of the inhabitants of Timisoara choose this mode of locomotion: downtown you'll find bike rental centers, prices are modest.
Those who want to go to make a sunbath can head to the swimming pool in town, which is located near Stadium Dan Paltinisanu. And if you plan to escape the city, two more swimming pools are available: from Jimbolia and Lugoj. And those who want to go to a shopping mall are available, which was for years the largest in the country.

Want to see theatrical performances? Here you can to get to the performances of the four national theaters: Romanian, Hungarian, Hebrew and German, from opera, and theater for children. And if you are passionate about football, you can go to the stadium to play or just to attend the training teams Timisoara.

If you are a fan of nightlife, you will find here many places where you would like. In the student center and there are many clubs, discos, bars, Timisoara is known that for a time hosted the largest disco in South East Europe.