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Kiev - City of Orange Revolution

Kiev, Ukraine, Independence Square upview

The first mention of Kiev city dates from 559. The settlement had a large population ever since the 9th century, which explains the strategic importance of its settlement of three parts, deep depressions city offering natural protection, and Dnieper is one of the most important commercial arteries, traveling across the land from east to west.

Vladimir I (958-1015) expanded the city, creating its contemporary architecture and offered subjects a state religion, orthodoxy.

Under the rule of Yaroslav the Wise (1019-1054) was built St. Sophia Cathedral, which was followed later the monasteries of St. George, St. Irene and St. Demetrius. Thus Kiev became the religious center of the Russian state.

The most important part of the city is on the right bank of the Dnieper, on a steep terrain. Here is the old town, separated from the south-eastern city of Hresciatik Boulevard, the main artery of communication. At the foot of the slope is Podil district, with the port on Dnieper. South of it rises the government quarter with the Presidential Palace, the seat of Parliament and the Council of Ministers. Left bank of the river, with flat terrain is dominated by residential neighborhoods.

Kiev city enjoys a reputation both gifted with a unique charm among locals as well as among visitors. Generously designed parks surrounding neighborhoods and landscapes offered by the banks of the Dnieper urge to trip out of town. Old Kiev, located on the right bank of the river, once bore the nickname "Mother of Russian cities". Many of its architectural monuments survived the destruction of time and are today a valuable example of architectural art, centuries ago.

Since the eleventh century, messengers and merchants who came in Kievan Russia capital, is embarking on its walls by the so-called Golden Gate, built of brick reddish brown and gray-green, which moreover can be admired today. The monastery, Lavra Pacerska, founded in 1051 is the oldest Russian monastery, and owes its name to underground caves inhabited by hermits in the past. Precisely in the city on Dnieper began, Russian orthodoxy and Orthodox culture has its special springs here.

What deserves viewed:
- Saint Sophia Cathedral
- Church of Saint Andrew
- The monastery, Lavra Pecerska, with the catacombs
- Cathedral of Saint Vladimir
- Golden Gate
- Art Galleries
- University
- St. Nicholas Church on the banks of the Dnieper
- Assumption Cathedral
- Taras Shevchenko Museum

Temperate continental. Average yearly temperature reaches -8 degrees Celsius in January and 15 degrees Celsius in July. Average annual rainfall is 600 mm.

What you should know:
1) In April 1986, in Ukraine has been a catastrophe whose consequences affect the whole of Europe: in Chernobyl, north of Kiev, exploded one of the local nuclear power plant reactors. Spread in the atmosphere over 500 different radioactive substances, which the wind carried them further up in the most remote corners of the continent.
2) In Kiev was born and raised writer Mikhail Bulgakov (1891-1940), considered today one of the most remarkable prose writers of the twentieth century. During his life he did not enjoyed a special recognition: the most famous novel, "The Master and Margarita", appeared only after 20 years after his death.
3) national hero Taras Shevchenko of Ukraine is the poet (1814-1861), the first author to use the Ukrainian language as a literary language.
4) In Kiev, the so-called "Orange Revolution" began in November 2004. Thousands of people protested in Independence Square days in a row against the falsification of the results of the second round of scrutiny of presidential elections.

Useful information:
- Capital of Ukraine
- Languages: Ukrainian, Russian
- Currency: hryvnia
- Religion: Orthodox
- River: Dnieper
- Airport: Borispil (located 29 km east of Kiev)