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Travel Europe United Kingdom London in castiron and glass - Crystal Palace

London in castiron and glass - Crystal Palace

London, United Kingdom, Crystal Palace at Sydenham

The Crystal Palace was a large pavilion that was built for the Great Exhibition (the forerunner of the world\'s fairs ) in Hyde Park in London in 1851. It was designed by Joseph Paxton.

The Crystal Palace was the first building in which a structure of iron and glass was widely used. Besides the unprecedented spatial effect that this was, it was also unique because of the extensive use of prefabricated and standardized parts. In this respect it is a pioneering building for the rationalized design. The high degree of standardization of the structural components was produced for the Crystal Palace in blast furnaces and glass factories. It was seventeen weeks by largely unskilled workers put together.

The Crystal Palace was an impressive structure of cast iron, wrought iron and glass, the building had a size of 600 to 120 meters. It had a stepped tapered section of three layers, crossed by a transept in the form of a 34 meters high barrel vault.
Owen Jones (1809-1874) designed the interior, which consisted of wooden decorations with a strong pattern of red, yellow and blue stripes, separated by white. The discovery that today white marble interior of Greek temples were originally colored, gave rise to this design. Furthermore, the interior contained mature elms, eight meters high waterfalls and a fountain.
Exhibited were the achievements of the industrial revolution in the form of articles from around the world, including pottery, machinery, furniture and dinosaur models.

The Crystal Palace served as a model for many other buildings, including the New York Crystal Palace (1853), the Glass Palace in Munich (1854) and the Palacio de Cristal in Porto (1865).Despite the structural iron and glass facade, the Crystal Palace by Watkin (2000) not seen a step in the direction of modernism. It is rather the culmination and recognition of the design heritage railway sheds and greenhouses was born in the thirties and forties of the 18th century.

The World was a great success and attracted many visitors and publicity. At the exhibit opening had no name, but by the satirical magazine Punch, the name \"Crystal Palace\" was invented and popularized among public.
After the Crystal Palace World\'s Fair was dismantled two years later the building was reconstructed and opened to a new location in south London, with a permanent exhibition. In 1860 the building partially burned out, then in 1936 completely burned down.