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Travel Europe Vatican Vatican City State - the heart of Roman Catholics

Vatican City State - the heart of Roman Catholics

Vatican City, Europe, Central piazza aerial view

An important tourist attraction, the world's smallest country, Vatican City occupies an area of 0.44 square kilometers and serves as a spiritual center for millions of Roman Catholics worldwide.

City State as it is often called the Vatican is home to approximately 800 inhabitants, but none of them is a permanent resident. The population of this tiny area around the Basilica San Pietro is composed of priests, nuns, guards, and senior officials well understood here is found the chief resident, the Pope.

Vatican City was not always this small. In the mid-nineteenth century, the Papal States was an area of over 44,000 square kilometers. In later years, after efforts to unify Italy, most states were, became part of Italy. Pope's power was limited and within the Papal State was limited to the size of the Vatican. In 1929, the Lateran Treaty Vatican offered autonomy and formally defined the area that today attracts millions of tourists annually. Vatican City State is protected by its own army, the Swiss Guard.

Tourists arrive at the Vatican in St. Peter's Square. This market is a tourist attraction in Rome is that nobody should miss it, regardless of religious beliefs. St. Peter's Square was designed by Bernini during Alexander VII and Clement pontificated IX. Visitors to these beautiful squares are surrounded by two rows of columns with 284 columns arranged in four rows, on top of which there are 140 saints.

In the center of the square, there is an Egyptian obelisk with a height over 25 feet, brought to Rome by Caligula from Heliopolis in the Nile Delta. On one side, and there are two sides of the obelisk fountains. Thousands of people gather in this square to hear speeches and blessings of the Pope or to attend services, especially important Roman Catholic holidays such as Easter or Christmas.

Basilica San Pietro, Vatican City crown jewel is the most important church in the world. The cornerstone of this church was placed more than 500 years ago in 1506. Altars and monuments inside the church are too numerous to be listed and tourists, even those who are not especially attracted to art, are fascinated by the magnificent interior of the church. Basilica dome can be accessed via an elevator to the roof, and then there are still 323 steps that can lead to the place where one can admire the spectacular view of the city of Rome.

Papal apartments and found them all here, as the Vatican Museums, which house the largest and most valuable art collections in the world. A tour of the museum is imperative for any tourist who comes to visit the Vatican.

The Vatican is amazing place, so you have to make sure you do not lose any of the things it has to offer. The Vatican has its own tourist office, on the left side of the Piazza San Pietro. The tourist office is a perfect place to start your visit. Here are books and brochures about Vatican tours can be booked to visit the Vatican gardens, can be purchased maps and other things that may be useful to visit the papal city. The Vatican said the postal system is better than the city of Rome so you can send postcards to the home from here.